How to Correctly Interpret the Basic Blood Test

How to Correctly Interpret the Basic Blood Test

You have just received the results from your blood test and are barely able to distinguish what each indicator stands for. Indeed, for most of us, blood tests may prove extremely difficult to understand. The evidence, however, may guide us towards the interpretation of the indicators if we are properly informed. If you are interested to know what the various indicators in your blood tests mean, in simple and basic terms for beginners, read on!

Pressure (systolic / diastolic): Optimal 120/80 or below, High 140/90 or above

It is worth noting that the systolic pressure is the pressure when the heart beats. Conversely, diastolic pressure is the pressure when the heart relaxes.

Albumin: 3,9 – 5,0 g / dL – The measurement of protein in our blood

Alkaline phosphatase: 44-147 IU / L – The indicator of the state of our liver and our diet

ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 8-37 IU / L – Measures the liver function

AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 10 to 34 IU / L – Provides the status of our kidney and liver

BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 7 up 20 mg / dL – Indicators of heart and kidney

Calcium: 8,5 – 10,9 mg / dL – Important for virtually all body organs, can reveal many diseases

Chlorine: 96-106 mmol / L – Shows how well your pH is distributed in the body

CO2 (carbon dioxide): 20 to 29 mmol / L – Measurement of the metabolic function and the pH balance

Creatinine: 0,8 – 1,4 mg / dL – Renal function index

Glucose test: 100 mg / dL – Diabetes index and insulin function

Potassium: 3,7 – 5,2 mEq / L – May be high / low, due to medication and affects many organs of the body

Sodium: 136 – 144 mEq / L – Measures the hydration status, is a marker for many diseases and balances the pressure on the walls of your arteries

Total bilirubin: 0,2 – 1,9 mg / dL – Shows the function of the liver

Total protein: 6.3 – 7.9 g / dL – Index for liver diseases

Total Cholesterol: <200 mg / dL – Combines both LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol

LDL cholesterol: <100 mg / dL

HDL cholesterol:> 40-59 mg / dL

Besides stress and hereditary factors, it is very important to remember that bad cholesterol is also generated by eating foods of animal origin and is very harmful to the health of our heart. Instead, the good cholesterol is very important for our body and ensures it functions properly.

Triglycerides: <150 mg / dL – Measures a different kind of blood fat

As you can see, there are several indicators that make up the results of blood tests. It is absolutely necessary to have your results interpreted by a specialist or microbiologist, who will recognize any possible problems or deficiencies and recommend the proper treatment. Do not forget that we need to repeat the blood tests at regular intervals, usually once a year. This way, any change observed is recognized immediately and the doctor is able to nip any problems in the bud.

Best of Health,


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