A distorted image of the body is seemingly common with individuals suffering anorexia, which means, they tend to see a huge person in the mirror instead of an ideal body. This usually occurs out of various cognitive distortions suffered. It can also be a cause of BDD or Body Dysmorphic Disorders, in which the mind cannot or is incapable of seeing and understanding things right. Anorexia has a lot to do with eating disorders. 2 types of eating disorders are namely: 1) Anorexia Nervosa 2) Bulimia Nervosa.
Anorexia, a psychological eating disorder is solely aggravated with factors that cause a rise to eating disorders are generally predicted by the distortion of the body image as well as the pre-occupation of the appearance with an irrational fear towards obesity. This fear makes them use all potential attempts to lose whatever weight. Most patients, suffering anorexia are younger women. Men are also victims, but lesser in number. Anorexia hence, is more than just a concern with food.
The signs of an Anorexia:
- Immense fear of putting on weight
- Loss of period in most cases
- 17.5 or lesser rate of the Body Mass Index
- Depicts a preoccupation with weight and shape of the body structure
- Weighs way lesser than ideal body weight
This today is considered to be a very serious issue with western countries. Women and Men aged 12 to 21 are reported victims of anorexia. About 6% of which usually die. A few of them report cases of suicide or suicidal tendencies. People look haggard and lack lustered with severe mental illnesses.
Some typical causes of this disease include:
- Peer – Women in most western countries seem to be fighting an eternal competition for losing weight and getting a size zero figures to look hot and thin. This increases pressure and drastic weight loss begins the onset of anorexia
- Hereditary – anorexia is also a hereditary disorder. A mother or a sister suffering this disease may affect the child. At times biology, genes or hormones also play an important role in aggravating anorexia
- Trauma – Sudden shocks or traumatic experiences may also cause a rise to this disorder
People in frenzy go to any extent to lose weight, in turn land up with anorexia. Throwing up after meals – is very common amongst most models and girls today. Diet pills is yet another crazy fad, counting calories or going on a complete negative calorie diet, exercising intensely to lose weight, living off juices alone are some extreme steps taken by women to compete weight loss today.
It is very important to educate these people that anorexia today can cause serious health hazards from depression, to ocd’s, to drug abuse, disorders with the brain cells and heart and physical development too. Coping anorexia is not difficult. The person needs good counseling and help to be bought back to the normal weight. Psychological issues need to be attended to immediately before the person loses track. Explain the benefits of good food in order to maintain a superb body and perfect weight. Tell them that anorexic women are never desired. Also reiterate the death hazards a relapse may cause. Set a time to talk privately and avoid conflicts. Support groups may also be a part of treatment.
Do not ever blame or make the person feel guilty about their thinking of this drastic measure of weight loss (if it is weight loss induced). Be around irrespective of their mood swings to help.
Best of Health,