Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, which is closely related to the wearing off of the articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the material that covers the bones within the joints in our body. This is a rheumatic condition afflicting a large proportion of people in western countries mainly. Apart from internal factors and hereditary factors, weight is also a cause of worsening osteoarthritis over time. That is why obesity has been plaguing society and has resulted, among others, in the soaring rates of patients suffering from osteoarthritis.
Regular exercise and maintaining healthy diet are key pillars, upon which the overall treatment of osteoarthritis needs to be structured. Specifically when it comes to healthy eating, behold the key features that need to be present in a diet plan, so as to optimize the patient outcome:
- Increase in fruit and vegetable consumption: Especially fruits and vegetables that contain high amounts of vitamin C are extremely beneficial for the body. Due to their antioxidant properties, fruits and vegetables can improve the condition of osteoarthritis as a whole.
- Reduce trans fats altogether: When you cook, it is imperative that you select ingredients that contain healthy fats. Trans fats damage the body, whereas omega-3 and other healthy sources of fat can help the course of the disease to a great extent.
- Enrichment with spices: Cinnamon, ginger, turmeric and many more spices and herbs contain anti-inflammatory ingredients. As a result, they can relieve the patient from constant and severe pain.
- Cook correctly: Certainly the ingredients selected in everyday diet are important. It is equally important, however, to choose the proper way of cooking these ingredients. The best choices feature cooking methods that do not raise the temperature of the food a lot. For example, boiling and baking are very good choices. In contrast, frying and grilling at high temperatures are not as good options.
Even with the adoption of all these pieces of nutritional advice, it is crucial to achieve and maintain optimal weight. Obesity burdens the body and therefore hinders the prognosis and treatment of osteoarthritis. On the other hand, even minimal weight loss may improve the way a patient with osteoarthritis feels greatly. That is why one of the most basic steps in treating such a rheumatic disease is without doubt the loss of excess weight.
The medical contribution is also important and should not be overlooked in the case of osteoarthritis. This disease is degenerative and chronic. Therefore, it is a marathon and not a sprint. In this fight, medical attention is required. The patient must check his progress at regular intervals so as to determine whether the situation is improving or deteriorating. Always with the help of diet, exercise and proper treatment of course!
Best of Health,